Crescent ♑ Capricorn
Moon rises at sunrise and sets at sunset. It's part facing the Earth is completely in shadow.
Moon is passing about ∠25° of ♐ Sagittarius tropical zodiac sector.
Lunar disc is not visible from Earth. Moon and Sun apparent angular diameters are ∠1796" and ∠1950".
Next Full Moon is the Cold Moon of December 2009 after 15 days on 31 December 2009 at 19:13.
There is high New Moon ocean tide on this date. Combined Sun and Moon gravitational tidal force working on Earth is strong, because of the Sun-Moon-Earth syzygy alignment.
At 12:02 on this date the Moon completes the old and enters a new synodic month with lunation 123 of Meeus index or 1076 from Brown series.
29 days, 19 hours and 9 minutes is the length of new lunation 123. This is the year's longest synodic month of 2009. It is 31 minutes shorter than next lunation 124 length.
Length of current synodic month is 6 hours and 25 minutes longer than the mean length of synodic month, but it is still 38 minutes shorter, compared to 21st century longest.
This New Moon true anomaly is ∠135.6°. At beginning of next synodic month true anomaly will be ∠164.3°. The length of upcoming synodic months will keep increasing since the true anomaly gets closer to the value of New Moon at point of apogee (∠180°).
11 days after point of perigee on 4 December 2009 at 14:12 in ♋ Cancer. The lunar orbit is getting wider, while the Moon is moving outward the Earth. It will keep this direction for the next 4 days, until it get to the point of next apogee on 20 December 2009 at 14:54 in ♒ Aquarius.
Moon is 399 104 km (247 992 mi) away from Earth on this date. Moon moves farther next 4 days until apogee, when Earth-Moon distance will reach 405 731 km (252 110 mi).
11 days after its descending node on 5 December 2009 at 03:18 in ♋ Cancer, the Moon is following the southern part of its orbit for the next 2 days, until it will cross the ecliptic from South to North in ascending node on 18 December 2009 at 16:41 in ♑ Capricorn.
25 days after beginning of current draconic month in ♑ Capricorn, the Moon is moving from the second to the final part of it.
At 02:38 on this date the Moon is meeting its South standstill point, when it will reach southern declination of ∠-25.769°. This is the year's southernmost lunar standstill of 2009. Next 13 days the lunar orbit will move in opposite northward direction to face North declination of ∠25.787° in its northern standstill point on 30 December 2009 at 10:09 in ♊ Gemini.
The Moon is in New Moon geocentric conjunction with the Sun on this date and this alignment forms Sun-Moon-Earth syzygy.