Crescent ♑ Capricorn
Previous main lunar phase is the Last Quarter before 5 days on 14 January 2042 at 11:24.
Moon rises after midnight to early morning and sets in the afternoon. It is visible in the early morning low to the east.
Lunar disc appears visually 3.7% narrower than solar disc. Moon and Sun apparent angular diameters are ∠1878" and ∠1950".
Next Full Moon is the Snow Moon of February 2042 after 16 days on 5 February 2042 at 01:58.
There is low ocean tide on this date. Sun and Moon gravitational forces are not aligned, but meet at big angle, so their combined tidal force is weak.
The Moon is 26 days old. Earth's natural satellite is moving from the second to the final part of current synodic month. This is lunation 519 of Meeus index or 1472 from Brown series.
Length of current 519 lunation is 29 days, 12 hours and 36 minutes. It is 1 hour and 39 minutes longer than next lunation 520 length.
Length of current synodic month is 8 minutes shorter than the mean length of synodic month, but it is still 6 hours and 1 minute longer, compared to 21st century shortest.
This lunation true anomaly is ∠300.9°. At the beginning of next synodic month true anomaly will be ∠326°. The length of upcoming synodic months will keep decreasing since the true anomaly gets closer to the value of New Moon at point of perigee (∠0° or ∠360°).
7 days after point of apogee on 12 January 2042 at 04:04 in ♍ Virgo. The lunar orbit is getting closer, while the Moon is moving inward the Earth. It will keep this direction for the next 4 days, until it get to the point of next perigee on 23 January 2042 at 22:31 in ♒ Aquarius.
Moon is 381 607 km (237 120 mi) away from Earth on this date. Moon moves closer next 4 days until perigee, when Earth-Moon distance will reach 362 798 km (225 432 mi).
4 days after its descending node on 15 January 2042 at 03:00 in ♏ Scorpio, the Moon is following the southern part of its orbit for the next 8 days, until it will cross the ecliptic from South to North in ascending node on 27 January 2042 at 23:09 in ♈ Aries.
18 days after beginning of current draconic month in ♈ Aries, the Moon is moving from the second to the final part of it.
At 23:38 on this date the Moon is meeting its South standstill point, when it will reach southern declination of ∠-27.777°. This is the year's southernmost lunar standstill of 2042. Next 13 days the lunar orbit will move in opposite northward direction to face North declination of ∠27.833° in its northern standstill point on 1 February 2042 at 18:31 in ♊ Gemini.
After 2 days on 21 January 2042 at 20:42 in ♑ Capricorn, the Moon will be in New Moon geocentric conjunction with the Sun and this alignment forms next Sun-Moon-Earth syzygy.