Crescent ♑ Capricorn
Previous main lunar phase is the Last Quarter before 5 days on 14 January 2042 at 11:24.
Moon rises after midnight to early morning and sets in the afternoon. It is visible in the early morning low to the east.
Lunar disc appears visually 3.7% narrower than solar disc. Moon and Sun apparent angular diameters are ∠1878" and ∠1950".
Next Full Moon is the Snow Moon of February 2042 after 16 days on 5 February 2042 at 01:58.
There is low ocean tide on this date. Sun and Moon gravitational forces are not aligned, but meet at big angle, so their combined tidal force is weak.
The Moon is 26 days old. Earth's natural satellite is moving from the second to the final part of current synodic month. This is lunation 519 of Meeus index or 1472 from Brown series.
The length of the lunation is 29 days, 12 hours and 36 minutes. It is 1 hour and 39 minutes longer than the next lunation's length. The lengths of the following synodic months are going to decreasing with the true anomaly getting closer to the value it has at the point of New Moon at perigee (∠0° or ∠360°).
The length of the current synodic month is 8 minutes shorter than the mean synodic month length. It is 6 hours and 1 minute longer compared to 21st century's shortest synodic month length.
At the beginning of the lunation cycle the true anomaly is ∠300.9°. At the beginning of next synodic month the true anomaly is going to be ∠326°.
7 days after point of apogee on 12 January 2042 at 04:04 in ♍ Virgo. The lunar orbit is getting narrow, while the Moon is moving towards the Earth. It will keep this direction over the next 4 days, until the Moon reaches the point of next perigee on 23 January 2042 at 22:31 in ♒ Aquarius.
The Moon is 381 607 km (237 120 mi) away from Earth and getting closer over the next 4 days until the point perigee when Earth-Moon distance is going to be 362 798 km (225 432 mi).
4 days after descending node on 15 January 2042 at 03:00 in ♏ Scorpio. The Moon is located south of the ecliptic over the following 8 days, until the lunar orbit crosses from South to North in ascending node on 27 January 2042 at 23:09 in ♈ Aries.
18 days since the beginning of current draconic month in ♈ Aries, the Moon is navigating from the second to the final part of the cycle.
At 23:38 the Moon is meeting its standstill point to reach South declination of ∠-27.777°. This is the year's southernmost lunar standstill of 2042. Over the next 13 days the lunar orbit is going to extend northward to face maximum declination of ∠27.833° at the point of next standstill in ♊ Gemini on 1 February 2042 at 18:31.
In 2 days on 21 January 2042 at 20:42 in ♑ Capricorn the Moon is going to be in a New Moon geocentric conjunction with the Sun and thus forming the next Sun-Moon-Earth syzygy alignment.